An Overview of The Montessori Primary Program

An Overview of The Montessori Primary Program

Sep 01, 2021

Children require a primary school program that promotes cognitive growth and provides a nurturing environment that encourages inquiry, imagination, and social exploration. The Montessori education system is based on the philosophy of Dr. Maria Montessori, which states that children learn best in their own way at the pace they set themselves.
At Memorial Montessori, learning focuses on providing an environment that meets the tendencies and needs at each stage of their development. Children are given freedom within set limits to help them acquire abilities like problem-solving and develop better self-understanding.
A Montessori primary classroom contains children with a three-year age group that allows older and younger children to learn from each other. In addition, the children are allowed to explore and discover a set of educational games and toys of their choice in an unstructured manner by educators who inspire freedom among learners.

Characteristics of A Montessori Classroom Near You

  • Children are encouraged to collaborate, not compete, as each child has different learning needs.
  • Learning is child-centered with some guidance from the teacher.
  • The children from different age sets learn together in the same classroom, learning from each other.
  • Classrooms are set up in the right environment with the necessary tools to help children meet their full potential, enjoy learning and become productive community members.
  • A child’s understanding and psychological development are considered in every lesson or activity.
  • Lessons and materials are built towards independence, confidence, freedom, and self-control.
  • Learners understand concepts through thoughtfully designed materials either in a group or as individuals.
  • Everything in the Montessori classroom has its place. The children are trained to be responsible by putting one activity away before moving on to another.

Subjects Learnt in A Montessori Primary Program

Children learn through tangible, hands-on experiences in the classroom. For instance, they use concrete materials to learn math and explore the language through movable alphabet letters. Objects like cylinders and cubes are used to learn categorization and find spatial relationships. Some of the subjects learned through this approach are:

  • Mathematics
  • Science and nature
  • History
  • Music and movement
  • Cooking and nutrition
  • Language arts
  • Cultural awareness
  • Geography
  • Sensorial
  • Physical education

Advantages of The Montessori Education System

  • The system groups children of different ages in the same environment; It enhances social interaction as they communicate, learn from each other, and improve life skills such as inclusion and acceptance.
  • The unique learning environment provided through Montessori education makes learning fun and interesting.
  • It provides hands-on learning as children explore things, lessons, and activities build upon their skills and individual development.
  • Children are inspired to develop soft skills that help them collaborate and cooperate with their peers when describing how they spend time in the classroom.
  • It fosters independence, enabling your child to have a sense of freedom and be more competent and self-confident.

Differences Between The Traditional And Montessori Education System

  • The traditional approach to learning requires the learner to listen as the teacher teaches, while in a Montessori approach, the learners learn through self-motivated, hands-on projects.
  • Learners must memorize and recall information for testing in the traditional education system, while learners in the Montessori system learn through active discovery.
  • In a traditional school system, the teachers teach the established curriculum at a set pace and within a certain time. The Montessori education system does not dictate the pace of learning, but teachers guide the learners to work on their lessons based on individual needs.
  • The traditional education system assumes that a child requires external motivation through rewards and punishments to learn. A child is given the freedom to learn at their natural pace and satisfy their curiosity and inner need for accomplishment in the Montessori educational approach. This child gains confidence through achievements at every lesson.
  • Teachers in traditional schools are accountable for covering the curriculum within a specified period of time. They cannot do much in the classroom when they fall behind or are not ready to move forward. In a Montessori classroom, the learners are taught to be accountable for their learning by tracking their daily progress. Learners choose their own projects and learning paths.
  • The learners follow a pre-established program at each chronological age in the traditional education system. Meanwhile, learners in the Montessori education system progress individually through the curriculum based on individual needs, not age.
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